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The Tourist Duty

‘Over-tourism’ is now a major global concern, with many cities and visitor attractions around the world struggling to cope with tourist volumes. Nineteen countries across Europe have implemented ‘Transient Visitor Levies’ in order to respond to the pressures imposed upon them, and this idea has now attracted interest in Scotland. In this report, we explore the rationale for introducing a TVL, present case studies of TVL schemes across Europe, set out results of a survey of Edinburgh residents’ views on how TVL revenue should be invested, and make policy recommendations for the Scottish Government and Scottish Local Authorities.


Routes to Growth

Routes to Growth recognises the growing role of leisure cycling in Scotland’s tourism economy. By speaking to businesses and national stakeholders, we found that barriers exist in expanding cycle tourism, such as a lack of safe and convenient cycle paths on key tourist routes, and a need for better connections for cyclists, such as improvements in taking bikes on public transport. We produced a series of recommendations to make Scotland a world leader on cycle tourism.

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A Greener Journey to Growth

Our research highlights the growing success of rail in cutting carbon emissions from the Anglo-Scottish rail market. The report outlines significant carbon savings arising from a growing share of the overall travel market on services from Glasgow and Edinburgh to London. A number of recommendations are put forward to ensure the continued growth of low-carbon, sustainable transport in the UK.

Car-Free Tourism

The ‘Car-Free Tourism’ website provides detailed instructions on accessing the sites without having to jump between a number of travel planning websites. Each page has all the information tourists require to travel to the site without spending time on lots of research. The site also provides advice for tourism operators encouraging them to develop or improve sustainable travel options for visitors.

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Warning Signs 2014

This report sets out a comprehensive, yet summarised, picture of the state of sustainable transport in Scotland. It provides an update to assess whether or not Scotland is making progress on sustainable transport.


In our new report Interchange, we set out recommendations that will ease the combination of cycling and other public transport network, while also supporting the creation of more active travel hubs across Scotland.

Doing Their Duty

In our report, Doing Their Duty, we found that action needs to be taken by the Scottish public sector to improve their performance on sustainable transport.

The Value of Cycle Tourism

‘The Value of Cycle Tourism’ reports on the benefits of cycle tourism in Scotland. The report showcases the many positive aspects of promoting cycle tourism, including significant economic benefits – £239 million per year – to the Scottish economy.

On Track for Business: Why Scottish Businesses Should Try the Train

‘On track for business: Why Scottish businesses should try the train’ sets out the economic benefits available to Scottish businesses in switching from air travel to rail travel.  The report challenges Scottish businesses to save money and benefit the environment by using the train for business travel between Edinburgh and London.

Warning Signs

‘Warning Signs’ sets out the challenges faced by the Scottish Government in turning around the situation on transport in Scotland. Amongst other things, the report outlines a set of recommendations on investment requirements that could be tackled by the Scottish Government.

Civilising the Streets

‘Civilising the Street’ report reveals that Scots must look to their European counterparts for sustainable transport solutions. he report, which investigated active travel provision in thirteen European cities comparable in terms of size and geography to Scottish cities, looks at how social, political, geographical and cultural conditions have led to ‘best practice’ and have brought about high rates of walking and cycling.

Towards a Healthier Economy

‘Towards a healthier economy’ sets out multi-pound health benefits of switching to sustainable transport. By making this recommended switch, the Scottish economy could benefit up to £4 billion annually.

The Railways Mean Business

‘The railways mean business’ report analyses the productivity benefits for business travellers of switching from air to rail for journeys from Glasgow/Edinburgh to London. The existing benefits of rail travel – reliability, better use of the working day, comfort , and low stress-  far outweigh the assumption that shorter travel time equates to greater productivity.